Jacksonville Magazine is a monthly magazine published in Jacksonville, Florida. Founded in 1983, it is a regional lifestyle and general interest magazine covering Northeast Florida. In addition to the flagship magazine, Jacksonville Magazine also publishes several supplemental publications.
The magazine was founded in 1983 as Jacksonville Today with the goal of creating a new lifestyle magazine for the Jacksonville area. White Publishing, founded by James L. White III, became the publisher in 1984. The magazine established itself with aggressive growth and a wide-ranging distribution network across Northeast Florida as far as Ocala. It out-competed an earlier publication named Jacksonville Magazine, and later adopted the name. Joseph White became publisher in 1999.
Like other similar regional publication, Jacksonville Magazine grew by partnering with local hotels, real estate firms, and the Chamber of Commerce to provide a distribution stream. It was also sold at White's Books, an independent bookstore chain also owned by White Publishing. These avenues enabled steady growth, although the magazine also maintained a sizable subscriber base. As of 2016, it has a monthly circulation of 22,000, including 11,000 subscriptions.
Veganism is both the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet, and an associated philosophy that rejects the commodity status of animals. A follower of veganism is known as a vegan.
Distinctions are sometimes made between several categories of veganism. Dietary vegans (or strict vegetarians) refrain from consuming animal products, not only meat but also eggs, dairy products and other animal-derived substances. The term ethical vegan is often applied to those who not only follow a vegan diet but extend the philosophy into other areas of their lives, and oppose the use of animal products for any purpose. Another term is environmental veganism, which refers to the avoidance of animal products on the premise that the harvesting or industrial farming of animals is environmentally damaging and unsustainable.
The term vegan was coined in 1944 by Donald Watson when he co-founded the Vegan Society in England, at first to mean "non-dairy vegetarian" and later "the doctrine that man should live without exploiting animals." Interest in veganism increased in the 2010s; vegan stores opened, and vegan options became available in more supermarkets and restaurants in many countries.
Wine is sometimes finished with animal products. Specifically, finings used to remove organic impurities and improve clarity and flavour include several animal products, including casein, albumen, gelatin and isinglass.
Wineries might use animal-derived products as finings. To remove proteins, yeast, and other organic particles which are in suspension during the making of the wine, a fining agent is added to the top of the vat. As it sinks down, the particles adhere to the agent, and are carried out of suspension. None of the fining agent remains in the finished product sold in the bottle, and not all wines are fined.